Earlier, history has been written here under the title of Dera Ghazi Khan, but some things were wanting in it, and a lot of things remained to be written regarding the history. All these things have been covered in this article.
Brief Introduction of Dera Ghazi Khan:
Dera Ghazi Khan district is the focal point of Pakistan’s unity due to its location, Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi and Pathani languages and the confluence of regional civilizations. Despite its status, this area has been continuously neglected by the previous governments due to which this district could not get its rightful place and is backward in every matter.
Proposal of Capital:
The Dera Ghazi Khan was proposed, as the location of the four provinces is of special importance apart from being connected But unfortunately, the capital is far away and this district has not been given its rightful rights. After the recent earthquake in Islamabad, Azad Kashmir and its surroundings, once again there is a rumor that preparations are being made to make Dera Ghazi Khan the capital, but the point is that ‘Who wins till the end of the tri-Zulf’? ,.
The people of Dera Ghazi Khan district brought the politicians here to the top, Farooq Ahmed Khan Laghari on the seat of the presidency, Zulfikar Ali Khan Khosa has been holding the seat of the senior minister of Punjab and the governor of Punjab, but despite this, the development has not touched Dera Ghazi Khan. It has not passed since some work was done in Dera Ghazi Khan during the tenure of former President Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari, since then there has been a long silence, which even the enlightenment of President Pervez Musharraf and the modernization of Shaukat Aziz could not remove.
History of Dera Ghazi Khan
The history of Dera Ghazi Khan is very old, traces of civilizations of many thousands of years ago are still found in this area, like Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, Dera Ghazi Khan is also of great importance, although the ruins in it have not been excavated. The objects recovered from the upper layer tell the story of several thousand years ago.
The Official History:
The official history and references of Dera Ghazi Khan are not found before Alexander the Great’s invasion because the Aryans had destroyed the area. Alexander the Great passed through this region after plundering and establishing his rule in India, it is believed that he crossed the Indus River near Kot Mithan and entered Dera Ghazi Khan.
Nushaba and Sikandar-e-Azam:
In those days, Dariush gave the territory of Dera Ghazi Khan to his daughter Nushaba, it is said that Nushaba became the wife of Sikandar Azam. Two years after the return of Sikandar Azam, the government of Sikandar Azam was abolished by a rebellion in Punjab and Sindh.
The spirit of this rebellion was Chandragupta Maurya, the rebel general of the Raja of Magda. Chandragupta Maurya became the ruler of this region. The reign ended when the ruler was assassinated by his general Pushpamitra in 188 BC. After Chandragupta’s dynasty, the historical links are again lost, but this much is known that from 188 BC to the fifth century in this region Bactrian, Unani, Parthian, Saka, Kushan, Haital, Hun, Gojar, Sasanian and Mani dynasties ruled.
Collapse of Mani Dynasty:
After the collapse of the Mani dynasty, these areas were included in the Iranian Empire. At the end of the 5th century, the Iranian Empire weakened, due to which the Rai dynasty revolted here and occupied this area.
The base of the Rai dynasty was the throne of Elur (Arur) whose ruins still exist near Dajal at Jampur. During the rule of the Rai dynasty, the region from Multan to Kashmir was ruled by a dynasty named Chuj.
Chaj Hakim & Raja Dahir:
The Chaj Hakim married the queen of the last Rai ruler and thus the Chaj became the ruler of this region. This incident is of 631 AD. Chuge spent the rest of his life developing the area. Chuj ruled the region for more than forty years. After Chuj, Chanda, brother of Chuj, became the ruler of this region. After Chanda’s death, Dahir, his nephew and son of Chuj, became the ruler. Dahir was a cruel person. He plundered a ship of the Arabs, upon which Hajjaj bin Yusuf al-Thaqfi sent his nephew Imad al-Din to suppress Dahir.
Muhammad Bin Qasim:
Imad al-Din is known in history as Muhammad bin Qasim. Muhammad bin Qasim conquered the throne of Dahir in 711 AD, thus establishing the Islamic state in the subcontinent. Muhammad Bin Qasim was sent for by Abdul Malik and put in prison due to personal enmity and it was in this prison that Muhammad Bin Qasim, the founder of the Islamic empire in the subcontinent, died. For forty years after the establishment of the Islamic state in the subcontinent, the rulers of Sindh and this region continued to come from Baghdad because the Umayyads kept their hold on the region, but after the capture of the Abbasid Empire, the Baghdadi government’s hold on Sindh weakened. Taking advantage of the weak administration, Qaramati Arabs occupied here, whose center was Multan.
Ghazni Empire (Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi):
At the time when Subkatgin was the ruler of Ghazni, this region was ruled by Hamid Lodhi. Hamid Lodhi handed over all the funds of the government of Multan to Jaipal against Subkatgin and together with him plundered the territories of the Ghazni Empire. Subkatgin got fed up and attacked Multan, Jaipal faced defeat and Hamidlodhi accepted peace in return for tribute. As a result of this peace, he used to pay tribute to the Ghazni government every year, but Hamidludhi’s grandson.
Abul Fateh Dawood started supporting the Hindu Raja Anangpal. Together they started plundering the territories of Mahmood of Ghaznavi. Finally Mahmood Ghaznavi attacked Multan, Abul Fateh Dawood fled. The people of the city were spared, but on the order of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi. The Qaramatis were massacred. Sultan annexed Multan to Ghazni. After the death of Mahmood Ghaznavi, his son Sultan Mahmood became the ruler. But after nine years he was assassinated, followed by seven more rulers, but all were either assassinated or died of natural causes. When Sultan Shahabuddin Ghori became Hamkran, he conquered Delhi and annexed the territory of Dera Ghazi Khan to Delhi.
During the 100-year rule of the British, no attention was paid to Dera Ghazi Khan. Its former beauty did not remain. During the Marrani era. The city of Dera Ghazi Khan was the most beautiful city in western Punjab after Multan and was a major center of industry and trade. During the Marrani period, special attention was paid to agriculture and many canals were also dug. A fort was also built in the city, the city of the Marrani period was exposed to the waves of the Indus in 1910. Which was predicted long ago, this prediction also included the instruction that Ghazi Khan, tomb in the present. Build in Dera Ghazi Khan because as predicted the new city would expand around the tomb and it did. The new city is spread around Chorhatta.
Ghazi Khan Tomb:
Ghazi Khan’s tomb is still there in Chorhatta. It is an octagonal fortress-like tomb, the upper two floors of which collapsed due to an earthquake. A wall was built around this tomb and there was also a beautiful garden, which has been destroyed. Now there is a cemetery. , sometimes, while digging graves, signs of masonry are revealed. When the tomb was built, it was about twelve feet high, but due to the passage of time. It is about six feet lower than the cemetery. This is the reason why the signs of the wall are not found above.